After a year it’s pretty apparent there were two people present when Trayvon Martin was killed, Trayvon Martin and George Zimmerman. The question still remains; who screamed for help the night of February 26, 2012 and why is this important?
If it’s Zimmerman who is screaming, it exemplifies that he was the one under attack by Trayvon. If the screaming is Trayvon Martin, then this would add to previously revealed adverse behavior by Zimmerman acting aggressively toward Trayvon. Remember, Zimmerman ignored the police when they told him not to follow Trayvon.
As the State of Florida v. Zimmerman begins to heat up, forensic experts for the prosecution and defense are ready to begin the voice identification testing process to determine who cried for help the night of February 26, 2012.
The human voice is unique to each person and can be examined through the process of voice identification to discover identity. Voice identification testing has become more acceptable in the courts and will be a valuable part of this trial. Scientific processes for voice identification testing include critical listening and spectrographic analysis. Both visual and aural inspection and interpretation of the evidence and exemplar (speech sample of the suspect’s voice) are examined. The problem with this case is the lack of significant speech from the unknown person who cried for help. Voice identification typically requires a minimum of 20 words spoken for comparison purposes. In this case we are testing screams which is much more difficult.
Yesterday, April 30, 2012 the court has asked experts for the prosecution and defense to produce any enhanced recordings they have of the call to police by Zimmerman. I believe the court is attempting to understand and identify all audio evidence that is available to aid forensic investigators.
So far we have been told that there are no audio or video recordings of Trayvon Martin. Therefore audio forensic experts can only use voice samples, previous recordings and exemplars that are available to conduct a voice identification investigation and eliminate or identify George Zimmerman as the source of the cries for help based on a degree or percentage of professional certainty.
The first step in any voice identification test is to aurally listen to evidence and exemplar recordings edited back to back using critical listening skills developed over the course of the expert’s forensic career. In the video below I have edited back to back audio samples taken from the police call by Zimmerman the night of February 26, 2012 when Trayvon was killed and an exemplar or reenactment recording of George Zimmerman created by the authorities.
In a perfect world, audio forensic experts listen for isolated speech sounds like vowels and consonants for their uniqueness’s, similarities and differences as well as phrases and sentences. Pronunciation of words are noted, the way words flow together and speech characteristics like accent and dialect, age and gender or nationality and noted.
In this case, the audio forensic expert only has screaming to compare and identify. Yes this is possible and very important to this case. Based on my experience, the voice identification test results will include a percentage of certainty because of the lack of audio recording and speech available for voice identification testing.